Suicidal behaviour is a concern when considering mood disorders. Risk factors amongst athletes include: substance abuse, retirement from sport, eating disorders, anabolic steroid use, family history of suicide, homosexuality and sexual abuse. Other risk factors could include injury, injury requiring surgery or a lengthy rehabilitation process, inability to regain pre-injury success, post-concussive syndrome and replacement by teammates.
Between 3500-4000 Canadians of all ages, from all walks of life die by suicide annually. Still the stigma surrounding suicide prevents people from getting help. Baum’s (2005) review of literature from 1960-2000 revealed 71 cases of athletes (average age 22 yrs.) who contemplated, attempted or completed suicide (66 completed suicide).